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What Are the Future Challenges and Trends in Cloud Penetration Testing?

icon Posted by: Praveen Joshi
icon September 6, 2023

In Brief:

Why Does Cloud Pen Testing Need to Evolve?

Due to the rapid development of cloud technology and the changing nature of cyber threats, cloud pen testing must evolve. Modern cloud environments rely on a dynamic, scalable infrastructure and complex configurations. It is not possible to adequately assess them using conventional methodologies. Testing professionals must adjust their methodologies to find vulnerabilities unique to cloud platforms as cloud services change. Additionally, the rise in remote work and cloud use broadens attack surfaces, necessitating more thorough testing to effectively reduce threats. To maintain robust security, cloud pentesting must always advance to meet new challenges and keep up with online attackers.


of businesses suffered a cloud data breach during the last year due to security lapses.


of companies say that more than one-third of data stored in the cloud is highly sensitive.


of all organizations worldwide host at least some portion of their IT environment in the cloud.


of businesses face issues while managing data in multi-cloud environments.

Future Challenges for Cloud Penetration Testing

The following are the key challenges cloud pen testing professionals will face in the future:

1. Rapid Technological Advancements

Cloud providers frequently roll out new functions and offers. This makes it difficult for penetration testers to stay on top of the changing attack surface. To evaluate the most recent cloud products, testers must continuously refresh their knowledge and modify their approaches.

2. Multi-Cloud Environments

Many businesses employ many cloud providers at once, resulting in intricate multi-cloud architectures. It takes specialized knowledge and equipment to conduct testing across these many contexts to find vulnerabilities. Plus, it becomes difficult to guarantee uniform security measures across all cloud platforms.

3. Serverless and Containers

Security testing must concentrate on serverless computing and containerization as these technologies spread. Because serverless functions and containerized apps may be more vulnerable in various ways than traditional server-based systems. Pen testers must find these flaws.

4. Shared Responsibility Model

It’s critical to comprehend how customers and cloud service providers share responsibility. To achieve thorough coverage, testers must assess both customer- and provider-level configurations for security.

5. Hybrid Cloud Challenges

By combining on-premises and cloud resources, several organizations run hybrid cloud systems. A thorough grasp of both cloud and on-premises security procedures is necessary for testing this configuration.

6. Supply Chain Risks

Testers must analyze supply chain security and weigh the possible dangers offered by third-party integrations. This is because cloud services depend on a variety of third-party components.

Overall, cloud penetration testing is facing a multitude of challenges due to the ever-changing cloud landscape, emerging technologies, and evolving security threats.

Major Trends in Cloud Pen Testing

The following are the major trends in cloud pen testing:

  • Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML): Penetration testing is rapidly using AI and ML to automate operations, find vulnerabilities, and produce results. This could aid in enhancing pen testing’s effectiveness and efficiency.
  • Cloud-native security: A security strategy called “cloud-native security” was created to benefit from the unique security capabilities of cloud computing platforms. By doing so, the attack surface may be decreased, and vulnerabilities may be harder for attackers to exploit.
  • DevSecOps: DevSecOps is a security strategy that incorporates security into the DevOps lifecycle of development and operations. This can assist in locating and addressing security flaws early in the development process before they are used against you.

  • Zero trust security: In a zero-trust security approach, no user or device is presumed to be trustworthy by default. This can aid in preventing unauthorized access to cloud settings.
  • Edge computing: A computer paradigm called edge computing brings computation and data storage closer to the consumer. This could aid in enhancing the security and performance of cloud-based applications.
  • Internet of Things (IoT): A network of actual objects that are linked to the internet is known as the IoT. These devices have the potential to be exploited for data collection and transmission, making them a target for attackers. Pen testers must be knowledgeable about the security hazards posed by IoT devices and how to conduct vulnerability tests on them.

Before You Go!

  • Cloud penetration testing is the best weapon that an organization can wield to fight against malicious activities.
  • So as the threat actors evolve, the pen testing process also needs to evolve. Otherwise, it won’t be able to detect and avert new sophisticated cyber threats.
  • This is why cyber security companies uk and all over the world are emphasizing continuous improvement in the cloud pentesting procedure.


  • cloud pen testing
  • Cloud Penetration Testing
  • Cloud Pentesting

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