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The Ultimate Guide to Cyber Security

icon Posted by: Hasan Sameer
icon April 22, 2022

In Brief:

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security is the term given to the set of practices to safeguard our IT and network infrastructure from cyber threats. This includes protecting the network, computer systems, data, and applications from prevailing risks.


of companies deal with over 1,000 sensitive files


of all files are not protected in any way by the companies


of cyber-attacks are targeted at small businesses


of small businesses do not have any preparation to deal with cyber attacks

Here’s Your Guide to Cyber Security Solutions

As of now, you might have got the basic idea about cyber security. What it is and why do you need it. However, it is now time to dig a bit deeper.

Let us put it this way…

If you consider the IT infrastructure of your organization as a sovereign nation. Cyber security measures are just like the army troops to prevent foreign invasion (breaches and attacks).

The Analogy does not end here. Moving on, just like a nation is susceptible to various kinds of threats and there are different forces to mitigate them. Similarly, there are diverse types of cyber security. Each type is studded with measures to counter a specific cyber threat.

Types of Cyber Security

Different doors require different locks for safety. Similarly, your cyberinfrastructure has a lot of distinct aspects. The risk factors vary for each one of them. Hence, a specific security protocol is needed for every aspect of your IT infrastructure.

Several types of cyber security are as follows:

1. Application Security

Most internet users are reliant on applications for one purpose or the other. The heavy crowd on the web applications generates a boatload of data. This data stored on such applications lures the attackers to breach in.

Application security is the set of cyber security measures to protect your application from prevailing threats. The security breaches are mostly the result of internal flaws in the application. Design, misconfigurations, malicious codes, and exposure of sensitive data are some of these flaws.

The application security protocol deals with all these flaws. Moreover, it scans vulnerable points as well so that the mitigation steps can be applied promptly.

2. Cloud Security

Clouds came as a revolutionary and convenient solution to the world’s data problem. However, security is always an issue with convenience. Cloud security takes care of the security issue within your cloud infrastructure.

Since clouds are third-party services, they have their own security system in place. But the users are also partly responsible for their resources stored in the cloud. Here, the external cloud security practice comes in handy.

Cloud security measures will ensure the safety of your services, applications, and data on the cloud.

3. Critical Infrastructure Security

It is the practice of securing the critical infrastructure from cyber-attacks. Public and private services of electricity grids, hospitals, water systems, and traffic lights come under this umbrella.

A successful attack on the critical infrastructure may have catastrophic consequences. Hence, critical infrastructure security becomes an important aspect of cyber security for everyone.

4. Network Security

Saving your computer network from attacks, data breaches, and other external & internal threats comes under network security. Access controls, identity verification, user authentication, VPNs, and two-factor authentication are the common practices of network security.

A security breach in your network might happen in three potential ways. These categories are physical, technical, and administrative. The configurative measures of Network Security negate the physical and technical threats.

Whereas administrative threats need remediation through access control. Applying the least privileged methodology helps to eliminate the risk of unauthorized access to crucial data.

Common Cyber Attacks

The cyber domain is full of scope for various kinds of attacks. The common ones are listed below:

1. Password Guessing Attacks

Also known as the Brute Force Attack, is a forced attempt to breach the network by guessing login credentials. People having weak passwords for their accounts suffer more due to this kind of attack. In your defense, you must avoid using weak passwords. It is also recommended to use different passwords for different accounts.

2. DDoS Attack

An acronym for Distributed Denial of Service. A DDoS attack is when the hacker paralyzes the network by activating tons of activities. The attackers use botnets to infect the internet-connected devices with viruses. After accessing the control, the attackers might launch various kinds of attacks on the network.

3. Malware Attacks

These are malicious software to corrupt the system, networks, and classified data. Following are the several types of malwares:

  • Keyloggers: Tracks all the keyboard activities on the system
  • Ransomware: Holds the data hostage by encrypting it
  • Spyware: Spies on all activities of a user for the hacker

4. Phishing Attacks

Through these attacks, hackers trick the victims into doing something they want. These attacks are often disguised as legitimate downloads, links, or messages. Maximum phishing attacks are initiated via emails. Usually, they target critical data such as financial information and credentials.

5. Man-in-the-Middle Attack

In this type of attack, attackers intercept communication between two parties. These attacks are done to steal and manipulate data in between the transaction. Payment information, login credentials, and other critical data are susceptible to this kind of attack.

Why Cyber Security Consultation is Important for Businesses?

The statistics show the alarming side in terms of security worldwide, organizations are constantly facing cyber-attacks. Cyber security consultation will guide your organization towards a fortified network infrastructure.

  • Cyber security consultation proves its utility in helping your business to meet the up-scale security standards.
  • This also helps to prevent unauthorized access to critical information about your company.
  • Helps your business to scale by keeping up with the compliance.
  • Reduces the risk of industrial espionage and data theft.
  • Improves the customer’s confidence in your organization.

If you are in the UK, you can reach out to RSK Cyber Security for an expert Cyber Security consultation. We will provide you with state-of-the-art solutions to make your network infrastructure fully secured.

Before You Go!

  • Cyber Security not only helps with network and data safety. But it also helps to improve the frictionless running of your business.
  • It is advisable to always rely on expert support to get cyber security solutions for your business.


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